Formula made with cow’s milk does not increase diabetes risk
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mined children predisposed bự the diseaseby Kristina Sauerwein • January 2, 2018
Getty ImagesA 15 – year global study of children genetically predisposed Khủng developing Type một diabetes found that drinking formula made with cow’s milk did not increase their risk for developing the disease .
A 15 – year global study of children genetically predisposed béo developing Type một diabetes found that drinking formula made with cow’s milk did not increase such children’s risk for developing the disease .
The findings provide a long-awaited answer phệ the question of whether infant formula made with cow’s milk plays a role in the development of Type một diabetes, according bự an international nhóm of researchers that includes scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis .
The findings are published Jan. 2 in JAMA .
“ Previous studies have indicated that early exposure lớn complex foreign proteins, such as the proteins in cow’s milk, may increase the risk of Type một diabetes in people with genetic risk for the disease, ” said one of the study’s authors, Neil H. White, MD, a Washington University professor of pediatrics và of medicine. “ The question was whether delaying the exposure lớn complex foreign proteins will decrease the risk of diabetes. The answer is no. ”
In the U.S., about 200,000 youth under the age of trăng tròn have Type một diabetes, an autoimmune disease caused when the pancreas stops producing the hooc môn insulin, which regulates the body’s blood-sugar levels .
Beginning in 2002, Trắng và his research colleagues examined 2,159 infants in 15 countries. Each infant had a family thành viên affected by Type một diabetes, as well as a genetic propensity for the disease that was determined with a blood thử nghiệm given at birth .
The babies were assigned randomly bự one of two formulas designed for the study. A group of 1,078 infants received a conventional cow’s – milk-based formula with the cow’s – milk proteins intact, while a second nhóm of 1,081 infants consumed a formula in which the cow’s – milk proteins were split into small pieces known as peptides. That formula — called hydrolyzed-casein formula — mimics the body’s process of digestion, breaking xuống dốc proteins into tiny parts .
The children were followed for about 11 ½ years .
Each infant received his or her assigned formula for at least two months & until the age of 6 lớn tám months. During that giây phút, parents were asked béo avoid allowing the baby béo ingest cow’s – milk proteins from any other food sources .
Of the infants who consumed the conventional cow’s – milk formula, 82 ( 7.6 percent ) eventually developed diabetes. For those who received the hydrolyzed-casein formula, 91 ( 8.4 percent ) developed the disease .
“ This study shows no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of how many of these children developed diabetes ; therefore, it helps provide a long-awaited, definitive answer lớn the controversy regarding the potential role of cow’s – milk formula in the development of Type một diabetes, ” said white, who directs the Pediatric Clinical Research Unit at Washington University & treats patients at St. Louis Children’s Hospital. “ It also indicates there is no evidence phệ revise the current dietary recommendations for infants at high risk for Type một diabetes. ”